Coal Dust Because airborne coal dust exposure and environmental contamination is a direct impact of coal transportation and storage, a Health Impact Assessment should address the following questions:
1. How much coal dust from the storage and transportation of coal can be expected along each section of the rail corridor and shipping lanes from the border crossing to the proposed terminal on Texada Island and ultimately leaving Canadian waters?
2. How much coal is lost from residual dust still on the cars as they leave the coal terminal after unloading (so called “carryback coal”)? How much of the “carryback coal” is expect to be lost in between FSD and the border in particular?
3. How much accumulation will result after 50 years of transport (the operating life of the terminal)?
4. How many coal train derailments can be expected along the rail corridor per year of operation of the proposed export terminal?
5. What will be the effect of contamination from coal dust and spills on farm land and near schools along the rail corridor and on the waters between FSD and Texada Island ?
6. What will be the effect of contamination from coal dust and spills on grazing animals used for human consumption?
7. What will be the effect of contamination from coal dust and spills on fresh water supplies for humans and animals?
8. What will be the effect of contamination from coal dust and spills on marine habitat for fish and other seafood?
9. How many people can be expected to be affected by the increased exposure to mercury and other heavy metal contaminants of coal, such as cancer, including current and projected populations?
10. How many children and adults can be expected to have increased risk of asthma and other respiratory diseases, including current and projected populations?
11. What health and safety impacts may be present at the coal port itself, including increased rates of cancer that have been reported at a large coal port?
12. What is the economic cost of these health impacts? Who pays for the costs?
13. What is the cost of cleanup of the cumulative environmental contamination? How effective is the cleanup? Who pays for the cost? Including oil spills that result from ships transporting coal having accidents within the Salish Sea?
14. Medical research comes forth at an intense pace. When new health impacts of coal dust and combustion are inevitably identified or quantified, how can the public be assured that their health will be weighed in the balance of ongoing risks/benefits of FSD operations?
To write to the Port with your comments on their EIA, go here.