Diesel Particulate Matter Because of the health impacts that will be a direct result of these activities, any assessment should include a Health Impact Assessment that addresses the following questions:

1. How much DPM and toxins (detailed above) will people be exposed to at 50 meters, 100 meters, 200 meters, up to 2 kilometers from the tracks when a train goes by? We request this data to be shown in an easy-to-understand format, including maps with “pollution contours” (isopleths).

2. What neighborhoods will be exposed to even greater DPM and toxins due to trains idling on sidings, both existing and future? How much DPM and toxins will these areas be exposed to?

3. How much DPM and toxins (detailed above) will result from the ships and barges, including ships that are at anchor (staging), at the dock, or in transit?

4. What will the impact of temperature inversion weather conditions be on air pollutants? How high may the concentrations get?

5. How many people live within 50 meters, 100 meters, 200 meters, 500 meters, 1 kilometer, 2 kilometers, and 5 kilometers along the entire transportation route from entering Canada to the Strait of Juan de Fuca, including current and projected populations?

6. How many of the people living, going to school, or working within the distances above are children, including current and projected populations? Elderly? Have any form of pulmonary or cardiovascular disease?

7. How many increased asthma attacks, ER visits, and hospitalizations will result, including current and projected populations, and including under temperature inversion conditions?

8. How many increased strokes will result, including current and projected populations, and including under temperature inversion conditions?

9. How many increased myocardial infarctions (heart attacks) will result, including current and projected populations, and including under temperature inversion conditions?

10. How many COPD exacerbations will result, including current and projected populations, and including under temperature inversion conditions?

11. How much cancer will result, including current and projected populations?

12. How much acrolein, acetaldehyde, formaldehyde, heavy metals (including but not limited to mercury, lead, and arsenic), 1,3-Butadiene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or other toxins will be deposited cumulatively? This should be analyzed in a cumulative fashion, (i.e. additive) over the full life of the proposed facilities (up to the 50 years life span of the terminal).

13. What are the effects of chronic exposure of the above compounds on: Neonatal and childhood development? Blood and lymphatic systems? Respiratory system? Cardiovascular system? Reproduction? Cancer?

14. What is the cost of cleanup of the cumulative environmental contaminants? How effective is the cleanup? Who pays the cost?

15. What is the economic cost of all of the health impacts combined? Who pays for the costs?

16. Medical research comes forth at an intense pace. When new health impacts of diesel particulate matter are inevitably identified or quantified, how can the public be assured that their health will be weighed in the balance of ongoing risks/benefits of the proposed operations?

To write to the Port with your comments on their EIA, go here.